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  • 二零一六报考硕士西班牙语飞艇人工免费计划:阅读精通态度题大揭穿。新浪教育考研栏目征稿启示
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  2016考研[微博]英语的阅读理解有多种题型,每个题型都有各自的解答技巧和方法,态度题就是其中的一种,一般是询问考生对某个问题有什么样的看法,属于难度适中的考题,下面我们就来结合真题看一下态度题的解法。

  【真题例举】

  “The Heart of the Matter,” the just-released report by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (AAAS), deserves praise for affirming the importance of the humanities and social sciences to the prosperity and security of liberal democracy in America. Regrettably, however, the report's failure to address the true nature of the crisis facing liberal education may cause more harm than good。

  In 2010, leading congressional Democrats and Republicans sent letters to the AAAS asking that it identify actions that could be taken by "federal, state and local governments, universities, foundations, educators, individual benefactors and others" to "maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientific scholarship and education."In response, the American Academy formed the Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences. Among the commission's 51 members are top-tier-university presidents, scholars, lawyers, judges, and business executives, as well as prominent figures from diplomacy, filmmaking, music and journalism。

  The goals identified in the report are generally admirable. Because representative government presupposes an informed citizenry, the report supports full literacy; stresses the study of history and government, particularly American history and American government; and encourages the use of new digital technologies. To encourage innovation and competition, the report calls for increased investment in research, the crafting of coherent curricula that improve students' ability to solve problems and communicate effectively in the 21st century, increased funding for teachers and the encouragement of scholars to bring their learning to bear on the great challenges of the day. The report also advocates greater study of foreign languages, international affairs and the expansion of study abroad programs。

  Unfortunately, despite 2½ years in the making, "The Heart of the Matter" never gets to the heart of the matter: the illiberal nature of liberal education at our leading colleges and universities. The commission ignores that for several decades America's colleges and universities have produced graduates who don't know the content and character of liberal education and are thus deprived of its benefits. Sadly, the spirit of inquiry once at home on campus has been replaced by the use of the humanities and social sciences as vehicles for publicizing "progressive," or left-liberal propaganda。

  Today, professors routinely treat the progressive interpretation of history and progressive public policy as the proper subject of study while portraying conservative or classical liberal ideas—such as free markets or self-reliance —as falling outside the boundaries of routine, and sometimes legitimate, intellectual investigation。

  The AAAS displays great enthusiasm for liberal education. Yet its report may well set back reform by obscuring the depth and breadth of the challenge that Congress asked it to illuminate。

  【问题】

  According to Paragraph 1, what is the author’s attitude toward the AAAS’s report?

  A. Critical           B. Appreciative

  C. Contemptuous    D. Tolerant

  【解析】

  题干和选项译文:

  根据第一段,作者对美国科学艺术学会报告的态度是什么?

  A。批判    B。赏识    C。鄙视    D。容忍

  答案:A

  根据题干的定位信息定位到第一段,再按照解题思路确定线索句为第一段第二句:Regrettably, however, the report's failure to address the true nature of the crisis facing liberal education may cause more harm than good。其中表示态度的词就是failure,说明作者对于这个报告的看法是负面的。能够和failure同义替换的只有A批判。B选项为正面态度,C选项为负面态度但语气过重,而且文中并没有说鄙视。D选项在文中没有依据。

  【方法总结】

  态度题首先要确定题干中态度的主体和对象,然后回文中定位,找出包含主体的句子,如果主体是作者,可以直接找包含对象的句子,接着找出句子中表示态度的方式,再与选项一一对比,同义替换的为正确选项。但是,有的考生总愿意把态度题与文章的中心思想合二为一,如果态度的主体是作者,这样没问题,可是作者可能会在文中提到多方的观点,难免会有相反的观点出现,这一点要格外注意。

  很多考生一提起考研阅读的复习方法,不免就是多看多背多做题,但殊不知阅读理解的考查题型也是多种多样的,不同题型自然有不同的解答技巧和方法,切不可盲目一把抓,致使复习效率事倍功半。

来源:文都教育

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